Projects & Events


The phase-3 program was implemented across 75 Female sex worker (FSW) Communty led organizations (COs) and covered more than 1,00,000 FSWs across five states of India (Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu). The main focus of Avahan-III is to reduce the vulnerabilities (including HIV risk) among FSWs by improving the access to financial security, social protection services, and to make the COs strong and sustainable. The logitudinal survey (2015-2017) was designed to measure different vulnerabilities and capture the key behavioral indicators (e.g. HIV risk behaviors, social protection, financial security, violence, institutional development etc.) among FSWs at the initiation of the program (2015) and after the completion of the program (2017). The eligibility criteria for inclusion in the study was: Women, aged 18 or above, who engaged in consensual sex in exchange of money/payment in kind in the last one month. Along with the FSWs logitudinal study, COs level study was done and information on COs were collected at two time points (e.g. Baseline (2015) and Endline (2017)) in 38 FSWs COs, who have implimented the Avahn-3 program.


Self-help groups and women’s collectives are a critical platform for implementing development programs in India. While there is growing evidence on their outcomes, we lack a clear understanding of how and why SHGs and women’s collectives change behavior.

1. Evidence mapping of SHGs and other women’s collectives in India
2. Develop “mid-range theories” applicable to models of SHGs and women’s collectives in India
3. Test the theoretical framework through discrete case studies. Output will be in-depth research studies.
4. Develop an intervention design framework that synthesizes both theoretical and empirical findings

Meeting of implementers (organizations working with women’s groups in India with an aim to improve health outcomes) – meeting was on 22nd August 2019
Other routine meetings with consortium (IFPRI, UCL and NIRDPR)